Andreea Clim, Ana-Maria Pop, Minela Aida Mărănducă, Loredana Liliana Hurjui, Irina Gradinaru, Ionela Lăcrămioara Șerban
Introduction: Cardiovascular pathology is the main cause of death among the population. Infectious endocarditis remains a public health problem and a continuous challenge in daily practice, due to the diversity of the clinical presentations and the variability of the epidemiological profile. Material and method: Analyzing the data from the literature in recent years, infectious endocarditis associated with medical services has a high incidence, accounting for about 30% of the total number of cases, often being associated with a severe prognosis and high mortality. Results: The prophylaxis of infectious endocarditis of patients with cardiovascular disease remains a controversial topic. Current guidelines propose further limiting antibiotic prophylaxis in patients with an increased risk of endocarditis who are subjected to high-risk dental interventions, emphasizing the importance of oral and skin hygiene measures meant to be part of the routine patient care. Conclusions: The prophylaxis of infectious endocarditis is of vital importance, with an impact on the morbidity and mortality, requiring an individualized approach within a multidisciplinary team.