Teona Tudorici, Ramona Feier, Carina Balcoș, Norina Forna
Partial edentulism is still prevalent in adult population from east european country. The aim of study is to evaluate the association between socio-demographic factors, and the partial edentulism in the adult population from Iasi, Romania. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a randomly selected population from Iasi. The study group included 214 patients who attended the Department of Prosthodontics of UMPh Gr.T.Popa Iasi during the 2015 – 2016. Data were acquired based on a questionnaire and clinical examination and was statistically analysed SPSS 15.0. Results: Out of 214 subjects, 50,5% were males partially edentulous, 64,5% were employed and 57,5% belonged to the medium level of education.Decay (61,7%) was the most common cause of tooth loss, followed by periodontal disease 30,8%. . Function restauration (72,9%) was the most common reason for replacement of missing teeth. 67,8% presented fixed treatment and 21,5% deemed both options as acceptable. Kennedy’s class I group was the most frequent type of partial edentulism, followed by class III, class I and the least frequent being class IV. Subjects with the medium level of education have a higher percentage of any type of prosthesis, the difference being statistically significant in terms of the amovible prosthesis between the two levels of education. Conclusion: The study show that partial edentulism frequence is influenced by the action of socio-demographic factors. It is necessary to develop programs that support oral health in the adult population through information regarding the prevention of edentulism.