RADIOGRAPHIC ASSESSMENT OF PERI-IMPLANTARY BONE LOSS IN RELATION TO BODY MASS INDEX

Mihaela Butnaru, Carmen-Larisa Nicolae, Dora-Maria Popescu, Dorin-Nicolae Gheorghe, Maria-Alexandra Martu, Luminita Lazar, Petra Surlin

Abstract

Aim:The aim of this study was analyze peri-implantary marginal bone loss one year after the prosthetic load in association with body mass index (BMI) and other general favoring factors: metabolic disorder and  high blood pressure (HTA). Material and Methods:One hundred and twenty-four patients attended the examination, 69 females and 59 males (mean age 54, range: 27-82 ). Patients were examined for demographic information, medical health history,  diabetes, smoking, patient-reported height and weight, also the clinical (oral examination, periodontometry) and radiological evaluation. To determine the degree of peri-implantary marginal bone loss, it was used  radiological measures. The measures were made one year after the prosthetic load with complying with the same sites and range of report for all the analyzed patients.The data were analyzed to observe the association between  peri-implantary marginal bone loss one year after the prosthetic load in association with BMI and other general favoring factors: metabolic disorder and high blood pressure(HTA). Results: A  reduced statistically association (r=0.111) was noticed in the correlation analysis between variables: peri-implantary bone loss and the body mass index(BMI>24.9) value. After analyzing the correlation between peri-implantary bone loss and the presence of general illnesses (metabolic disease, high blood pressure) it was noticed the existence of a reduced, but statistically significant, association (r=0.224). Conclusion:The correlation between peri-implantary bone loss and coexistence of general factors (general health issues, high BMI) is low in patients from the analyzed studygroupduring the period taken into consideration for evaluation and treatment.

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