Romanian Journal of Oral Rehabilitation Numarul 3 PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY

PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY

Madalina Nicoleta Matei, Iolanda Florentina Dumitru, Neagu Anca Iulia,  Marius Maris,  Gabriel Bogdan Carp, Topor Gabriela, Corina Cecilia Manole Palivan

ABSTRACT

Dentistry for children (pediatric dentistry – pedodontics) is the discipline that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of simple and complicated caries, dental fractures, gingival pathology and oral mucosa in children and adolescents. Recently, there has been a significant increase in the morbidity of dental diseases in children, through the early appearance of carious lesions and its complications, increased frequency of periodontal diseases and inflammatory diseases of the oro-maxillo-facial region, with loco-regional and general repercussions, prevalence of inflammatory processes odontogenic of the oro-maxillo-facial region.  The unfavorable situation of the health of the oral cavity in children causes the increase of children’s morbidity and the aggravation of the evolution of somatic diseases, which influence the oral health; untreated dental diseases are the persistence of chronic foci of odontogenic infection, which have a triggering or promoting role in the development of systemic diseases. The main factors that have an impact on the quality of daily life of children are: dental pain, lack of permanent teeth due to their early extraction due to caries damage and its complications, dental trauma. Dentistry for children is necessary from an early age, among the most common diseases are dental caries, gingivitis, infections, non-conforming eruptions of teeth or dental crowding.

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