Viorica Țǎrmure, Radu Septimiu Câmpian, Mircea Suciu, Aranka Ilea, Paula Jiman, Andreea Pop
Oral clinical manifestations of ectodermal dysplasia are in a wide variety, ranging from the presence of 2 or 4 to 6 teeth (oligodontia) usually with abnormal shape and size, with short, curved and thin roots to subtotal anodontia or total anodontia. There is no rule regarding missing teeth, nor the position or form under which they are found. Often the position of the teeth on the arcade is unfavorable, requiring a complex interdisciplinary treatment, involving the orthodontic repositioning first, followed by the prosthetic restoration through the infant prosthesis during childhood, and ultimately over-implant prosthetic restoration after the end of the growth process.
For oral rehabilitation it is essential to know the age of the patient, the number and condition of the teeth present, and the level of the growth process.A 4-year-old patient who visited our clinic was treated only prosthetically, because the clinical situation allowed us to address this treatment option. Infant prostheses were applied at this age, the final treatment plan having as objective the rehabilitation of all the functions affected by supraimplantation prostheses after the end of the growth processes.
Key words: ectodermal dysplasia, anodontia, oral rehabilitation, growth process.