Maria Alexandra Martu, Doriana Agop-Forna, Ionut Luchian, Vasilica Toma, Mihaela Picus, Sorina Solomon
Orthodontic treatment addressability has increased exponentially in recent years due to a higher concern for esthetic results not only among young patients but especially among adults. Complex oral rehabilitation imposes the collaboration of several specialists to meet the ever more selective needs of patients on order to deliver a truly comprehensive treatment plan.
A long-term orthodontic treatment is not only taxing for patients, resulting in diminishing compliance of patients throughout the duration, but could also cause a multitude of side effects, such as alveolar bone and root resorption, gingival recession and a higher caries risk.
In this context accelerating orthodontic tooth movement can significantly reduce treatment duration and thus the risks of side effects. The rate of orthodontic tooth movement is chiefly determined by the remodeling of tissues surrounding the roots.
Laser dentistry is a fast evolving field with many applications in surgery, implant dentistry, periodontology, endodontics, and orthodontics.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the possibility of accelerating orthodontic tooth movement through the use of low level laser treatment and to highlight the advantages, disadvantages and limitations of this technique in light of recent clinical and molecular findings.