Romanian Journal of Oral Rehabilitation Numarul 4 IN VITRO ASSESSMENT OF GINGIVAL RECESSION IN PATIENTS WITH BRUXISM

IN VITRO ASSESSMENT OF GINGIVAL RECESSION IN PATIENTS WITH BRUXISM

Sorana Maria Bucur, Sára Lola Vágvölgyi, Dorin Ioan Cocoș, Radu Mircea Sireteanu Cucui, Alexandru Vlasa

ABSTRACT

Aim of the study: The study aimed to highlight the presence and distribution according to age and the presence of fixed prosthetics of gingival recessions associated with bruxism. Material and method: Our study was performed on 86 adult patients examined by CAD-CAM technology. With the aid of GOM ATOS Capsule, we scanned their gypsum cast models. The reference models’ scans were later used for measuring the gingival recessions in 142 tooth sites showing signs of recession. The investigated sites were divided according to the patient’s age and the presence of prosthetic fixed rehabilitations. After measurements data were recorded with Microsoft Excel 365 software. Statistical analysis involved the Student’s t-test and D’Agostino & Pearson normality test. Results:  The gingival recessions had higher values in the older patients’ group and those with fixed prosthetic restorations. Conclusions: Gingival recession in bruxism patients gets more severe with age. Patients with fixed prosthetic works have higher values of the gingival recessions than the non-prosthetic ones, with maximum values at the level of the mandible. Diagnosing and treating gingival recession associated with bruxism requires an extensive patient history and careful monitoring and evaluations.

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