Manal N. AL Soub, Laura Rebegea, Dorel Firescu, Rawan A Alsuhaimat, Kamel Earar
Background: The emerging of the COVID-19 pandemic has a strong mental impact on the people of Jordan. Some affected Jordanians still face a range of mental health problems due to social isolation, anxiety, and lockdowns. Studies are lacking in the mainstream analyzing this problem, particularly in Jordan. This study aims to identify the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on cognitive matters and insomnia among the people of Jordan.
Methods: A total of 388 Jordanians affected by COVID-19 pandemics were recruited in July 2020. The demographic information of all respondents was collected by a self-administered questionnaire. Insomnia and cognitive matters were assessed through the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for mental disorders screening.
Results: the problem of insomnia and low cognitive matter existed generally among people of Jordan as affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, with over 50% of the Jordanians scoring greater than eight on the ISI scale. Jordanians who were likely suffering from cognitive matter had more negative remembering, while individuals with pro-social behavior suffered from insomnia. The demographic results revealed statistically signiﬁcant differences in the prevalence of insomnia and depression due to poor cognitive matter among COVID-19 affected Jordanians likely suffering from a cognitive matter affecting recognition of things or remembrance. Gender, age, and current place of residence were inﬂuencing factors for cognitive matter, while marital status and profession/job were inﬂuencing factors for insomnia.
Conclusions: According to the findings, this study found that COVID-19 has encouraged a high incidence of insomnia symptoms and a relatively poor cognitive matter among Jordanians. The potential cause of insomnia and poor cognitive matter might be linked with gender, age, current place of residence, marital status, profession/job, and the risks associated with the pandemic.