Adriana Elena Crăciun, Popșor Sorin, Diana Cerghizan, Cristina Ioana Bica
Bruxism is an increasingly common parafunction among adolescents. This pathological habit, represented by the grinding and clenching of the teeth, takes two forms from a pathophysiological point of view, depending on the circadian moment of its manifestation: nocturnal and diurnal bruxism.
In the last decade, more than 400 studies have been published in the literature on bruxism, its manifestations and implications in current dentistry. Of these, only 28 related to the diagnosis, clinical manifestations and treatment of bruxism in children and adolescents (7% of all published studies). The prevalence of bruxism is between 3.5-40.6% in children and 31.6% in adolescents (students).
Bruxism in young people and adolescents, diagnosed early and treated correctly, can be the “antidote” to dental, periodontal and musculoskeletal lesions of the adult temporo-mandibular.