STATISTICAL STUDY REGARDING THE INCIDENCE OF DENTOMAXILLARY ABNORMALITIES IN CHILDREN AND TEENS IN BRĂILA

Dorina-Cerasella Șincar, Gabriel-Valeriu Popa, Laurențiu Drăguș, Mioara Decusară

ABSTRACT

Aims : The purpose of the study is to establish  on a specific group of patients  the frequency of dento-alveolar disharmonies in children and adolescents according to childhood and adolescence age, gender, environement, type of dentition, clinical dental anomalies, and recommendations given after first clinical examination (complementary radiographic exams, dental-periodontal odontal prophylaxis, dental and orthodontic treatments).

Material and methods: The study was performed on a group of 517 patients, the age between 6 and 18 years over a period of 2 years (2018 și 2019), examined in an dental office in Brăila, patients being informed and accepting to participate in the study .

Results and discussions :  The results of this statistical study show the frequency of dento-maxillary anomalies among children and adolescents who requested orthodontic consultation in a orthodontic office in Brăila. If in the case of children the parents were the ones worried about the eruption of the permanent teeth ( especially for the alignment of the incisors), the teenagers were those who requested the correction of crowded and misaligned teeth, for a good smile and dental aesthetics, to increase self-confidence and self-esteem and for integration and acceptance in age-specific social groups.

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