SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS AND THE PARTIAL EDENTULISM IN THE ADULT POPULATION FROM IASI, ROMANIA

Teona Tudorici, Ramona Feier, Carina Balcoș, Norina Forna

Abstract:

Partial edentulism is still prevalent in adult population from east european country. The aim of study is to evaluate the association between socio-demographic factors, and the partial edentulism in the adult population from Iasi, Romania. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a randomly selected population from Iasi. The study group included 214 patients who attended the Department of Prosthodontics of UMPh Gr.T.Popa Iasi during the 2015 – 2016. Data were acquired based on a questionnaire and clinical examination and was statistically analysed SPSS 15.0. Results: Out of 214 subjects, 50,5% were males partially edentulous, 64,5%   were employed and 57,5%  belonged to the medium level of education.Decay (61,7%) was the most common cause of tooth loss, followed by periodontal disease 30,8%. . Function restauration (72,9%) was the most common reason for replacement of missing teeth. 67,8% presented fixed treatment and  21,5% deemed both options as acceptable. Kennedy’s class I group was the most frequent type of partial edentulism, followed by class III, class I and the least frequent being class IV. Subjects with the medium level of education have a higher percentage of any type of prosthesis, the difference being statistically significant in terms of the amovible prosthesis between the two levels of education. Conclusion: The study show that partial edentulism frequence is influenced by the action of socio-demographic factors. It is necessary to develop programs that support oral health in the adult population through information regarding the prevention of edentulism.

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