Risk Factors of Burning Mouth Syndrome: An Update

Cristina Popa, Carmen Stelea, Eugenia Popescu

Burning mouth syndrome has never been associated with a specific medical conditions, although associations were reported with a wide variety of health and chronic pain conditions. The painful mouth syndrome revealed the lack of specific criteria for diagnosis. Stomatodynia is characterized by the existence or coexistence of local, general and psychological etiologic factors. Local factors, the most frequently involved was candidiasis, incorrectly adjusted dentures, contact allergies and oral parafunctions. Among the general factors that recordered a higher frequency, we mention : menopause, diabetes, previous medications and iron deficiency anemia. Regarding the psychological factors, there were identified: stress, anxiety, depression, mental lability and mental disorders.

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