RJOR - Official publication of Romanian Association of Oral Rehabilitation

Str. Mihail Kogalniceanu No.2, Iasi, Romania

Janacondurache@yahoo.com

+40735523366

Romanian Journal of Oral Rehabilitation Numarul 3 ORAL HEALTH STATUS AND PRACTICE OF CHILDREN WITH HEARING AND VISUAL IMPAIRMENTS IN BAFOUSSAM-CAMEROON

ORAL HEALTH STATUS AND PRACTICE OF CHILDREN WITH HEARING AND VISUAL IMPAIRMENTS IN BAFOUSSAM-CAMEROON

Agbor M A, Nchifor A M, Sonkeng T E, Naidoo S F, Songo B, Pilipili C M

ABSTRACT

Background:

People with disabilities often need extra help to achieve and maintain good health, with oral health care not being an exception. Most African countries are not materially equipped and privileged to provide accessible oral health services to its people talk less of providing oral health care to the disables. The aim of the current study was to determine the oral hygiene status and practice of children with disabilities in some centers for people with disabilities in Bafoussam, Cameroon.

Methods:

This was a cross-sectional descriptive study on schoolchildren from 2 private rehabilitation centres and adults that took place between January to March 2019 in Bafoussam the regional headquarters of the Western Region of Cameroon. The study was carried out using structured questionnaires and clinical examinations.

A total of 180 children participated in this study, 102 (57%) were females and 77 (43%) were males. More than half 90 (50.3%) of the participant had total hearing loss, 50 (27.9%) were totally blind, 30 (16.8) were partially blind and the rest 9 (5%) had partial hearing loss. One third 56(31.3%) of the participants were within the 5-10 years age group and 105(58.7%) of the children carried out tooth brushing themselves, 160(89.2%) brush their teeth everyday while 19(10.8%) were not consistent with their brushing, 102(57%) of the participants brush their teeth once a day while 70(39%) of the participants brush their teeth twice a day. Three quarters of the participants 133 (74.7%) brush their teeth in the morning before breakfast and  45 (25.3%) brush their teeth in the morning after breakfast. Three quarters 132(73%) of the participants brush their teeth on their own while 48(27%) of the participants were assisted when brushing. Half of the children 107(57.6%) were assisted by their teachers, 36.2% were assisted by their relations while 6.4% were assisted by their friends. More than a third 81 (45%) oral health problems interfered with their eating habits, while for 41 (22.8%) interfered with their sleep pattern, 15 (8.3%) of the respondents reported that these problems decreased their ability to study and 2 (1.1%) interfered with their ability to smile or their self-confidence.Two thirds 108( 60%) of the participants had never been to a dentist, 34(19%) had visited a dentist once, while 23(13%) had visited a dentist twice and 14(8%) had visited a dentist more than twice. Half of the children 107(57.6%) were assisted by their teachers, 36.2% by their relations while 6.4% were assisted by their friends during brushing. Half 101(56%) of the participants had poor oral hygiene, 45(25%) good oral hygiene and 34(19%) was very good. Three quarters 127(77.3%) of the participants had dental caries, 77(44%) missing teeth 18(11%) filled teeth and by other pathologies 9(5.3%).

A third 59(33%) of the participants needed dental fillings, 59(33%) scaling and polishing, 32(18%) tooth extraction, 14(8%) needed RCT and orthodontic treatments each.

Conclusion.

The prevalence of dental caries was high and majorities of the participants in the study were in need of specific dental care. The oral health status of the deaf and dumb affected their quality of life.Good oral hygiene practices are not respected among respondents. Manual dexterity was not a major problem in the blind and deaf.

Recommendations

The funders of these schools should invite the dentists and the dental therapists to provide dental education to the parents and care givers of blind and deaf children concerning the importance of the preventive approach and regular dental checkup in the dental clinic.

The government should establish relevant oral health promotion and treatment programs for patients with special needs . More attention has to be directed by the oral health authorities to establish school- based dental care programs especially for high risk patients.

Loader Loading...
EAD Logo Taking too long?

Reload Reload document
| Open Open in new tab
Tags: , , , , ,

By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies || Prin continuarea navigarii pe acest site esti de acord cu utilizarea cookie-urilor more information || mai multe informatii

RJOR.RO utilizeaza fisiere de tip cookie pentru a personaliza si imbunatati experienta ta pe Website-ul nostru. Te informam ca ne-am actualizat politicile pentru a integra in acestea si in activitatea curenta a adre.ro cele mai recente modificari propuse de Regulamentul (UE) 2016/679 privind protectia persoanelor fizice in ceea ce priveste prelucrarea datelor cu caracter personal si privind libera circulatie a acestor date. inainte de a continua navigarea pe Website-ul nostru te rugam sa aloci timpul necesar pentru a citi si intelege continutul Politicii de Cookie. Prin continuarea navigarii pe Website-ul nostru confirmi acceptarea utilizarii fisierelor de tip cookie conform Politicii de Cookie. Nu uita totusi ca poti modifica in orice moment setarile acestor fisiere cookie urmand instructiunile din Politica de Cookie The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this.

Close