Neuromuscular Disabilities in Patients Diagnosed with Algo-Dysfunctional Syndrome

Laura Checherita, Cornelia Brezulianu, Doriana Forna, Ovidiu Stamatin, Nicoleta Ioanid, Liliana Foia

Introduction: Stomatognathic system dysfunctional syndrome is triggered by cumulative intra- and over-systemic factors, morphological and functional asymmetries favouring the occurance of the syndrome. Aim of the study: The present study intended to evaluate the relationship between the general manifestations of Parkinson’s disease, hemifacial spasm, and the dysfunctional syndrome of stomatognathic system. Material and methods: The study comprised 2 groups of patients, 33 diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease, and 10 patients with hemispasm, that were evaluated not only by paraclinical parameters, but also by the clinical neurological and dental signs (some of them being totally and other partial, edentulous). Results: The edentulous degree and also the uncoordinated function of the stomatognathic muscles system were factors that significantly influenced the pain and articular noises. Clinical overview was clearly dominated by the muscular signs. Conclusions: Both groups of enrolled patients displayed different stages of stomatognathic system dysfunctional syndrome (SSDS). Considering the high incidence of Parkinson disease within the third age population, the accurate evaluation and therapy of the stomatognathic system disorders becomes mandatory for the dental practitioner. Moreover, the proper treatment plan should corroborate the dental therapy with treatment of the systemic disorder.

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