DIABETES AS A RISK FACTOR IN PROSTHETIC ORAL REHABILITATION

Corina Cecilia Manole Palivan, Iolanda Florentina Dumitru,  Neagu Anca Iulia,  Marius Maris, Buruiana Daniela Laura, Gabriel Bogdan Carp, Topor Gabriela, Sorin Nicolae Peiu

ABSTRACT

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease due to an absolute or relative deficiency of effective insulin, which primarily causes disruption of carbohydrate metabolism, followed by disruption of lipid, protein, hydromineral and acid-base metabolism, is often a genetically determined disease and/or acquired, with a chronic stage evolution. The importance of the diabetic field in prosthetic rehabilitation is not only determined by the high frequency of complications and the fact that in these patients any aggression, even limited, can lead to a vicious circle in which the local injury aggravates the diabetic condition, and this, in turn, gets the local evolution of the lesions worse, but also by the particularities that the diabetic disease induces at the level of all the elements of the prosthetic field. Chemical diabetes (prediabetes) represents a stage of diabetes, which is characterized by lack of clinical signs and symptoms in diabetes (asymptomatic diabetes). In diabetes, it is characteristic to disturb other forms of metabolism; in diabetes, the entire apparatus for regulating carbohydrate metabolism is affected, the various links of which are closely linked, being controlled by the central nervous system. Material and method: We studied diabetes risk factor in prosthetic rehabilitation on a group of 86 patients with diabetes and obesity. Results and discussions:The anamnesis, the research of the personal and heredocolateral antecedents are compulsory steps that any dentist must go through in the face of more difficult cases. Conclusions: The prophylaxis of this disease is an urgent social necessity nowadays.

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