DENTAL IMPLANTS EXPOSURE PREVENTION IN THEIR OSSEOINTEGRATION PERIOD

Elvira Topalo

ABSTRACT Aim of the study: Assessing the efficacy of the dental implants exposure prevention method during their osseointegration period. Material and methods. 491 implants were conventionally installed in 214 patients, study group – 237, control group – 254. An ointment „Levomekol” was introduced into the intra-implantation space at the implants of the study group, before the cover screw threading. An active part of the ointment has an effect against aerobe and anaerobe bacteria – „Chloramphenicol”. Results: In the study group, the frequency of implant exposure during the osseointegration period, as well as the degree of marginal periimplant bone resorption, significantly decreased. Conclusions: The cause of implant exposure during osseointegration is the inflammatory process that develops as a result of microbial contamination of the intra-implantation space at the first surgical step. The application of antimicrobial preparations inside the implants contributes to an essential decrease in the frequency of their exposure and to the reduction of periimplant marginal bone loss.

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