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Romanian Journal of Oral Rehabilitation Numarul 4 CLINICAL ASPECTS OF DISTOCCLUSION IN THE ADULT SUBJECTS – A STATISTICAL EVALUATION

CLINICAL ASPECTS OF DISTOCCLUSION IN THE ADULT SUBJECTS – A STATISTICAL EVALUATION

Mioara Decusară, Manuela Chibelean, Mariana Păcurar

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dento-maxillary anomalies with distocclusion is not a singular diagnostic entity, but a result of a numerous possible associations of skeletal, dento-alveolar elements, which give  a great diversity of clinical forms.

Aim and objectives: The goal of this statistical study was to evaluated the frequency of distalized occlusion in the adult patients and to analyze the clinical features (dental and facial) caused by this malocclusion.

Material and method: The evaluation was performed on a group of 62 adult subjects (15 male and 47 female), from urban environment, aged between 20-50 years, with distalized occlusion, who did not benefited from previous prosthetic and orthodontic treatments.

Results and discussions: Especially among women there is a higher incidence of class II malocclusion (possible due to the higher number of them that require the alignment of the anterior teeth) and it’s a large number of combinations regarding the clinical aspects caused by this dento-maxillary anomaly.

Conclusions: The clinical aspects of distoclussion (dental, skeletal and  facial characteristics) are influenced by sagittal discrepancy between lower and upper jaws, associated or not with dental arch transverse problems and asymmetry of the jaws.

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