CLINICAL APPLICATIONS OF DIODE LASERS IN ORAL SURGERY: A REVIEW

Doriana Agop-Forna,Cosmin Creţu, Claudiu Topoliceanu, Mihaela Sălceanu, Decebal Vasincu, Norina Forna

Abstract

The goal of the diode lasers use in oral surgery is to overcome the disadvantages experienced in conventional oral surgical procedures and to provide minimally invasive procedures with lowest discomfort for patients. The possibility to use diode lasers in surgical procedures on soft oral tissues is due to the absorption of laser beam by tissue pigment and haemoglobin while it is poorly absorbed by hydroxyapatite and water.  Diode lasers are especially used in aesthetic procedures such as gingival recontouring and gingival depigmentation, periapical surgery, operculectomy, and pro-prosthetic surgical procedures such as remodeling of mucosa on edentulous sites, dental crown lengthening, frenectomies and vestibuloplasty. diode lasers are also recommended for the removal of oral benign lesions (ranula, mucocele, pyogenic granuloma, gingival hyperplastic lesions, fibrous hyperplasia, epulis fissuratum, hemangioma).

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