CHEMICAL AGENTS AND THE IMPORTANCE OF THE DENTAL ARCH SYMMETRY IN THE OCLUZAL BALANCE

Madalina Nicoleta Matei, Cristian Constantin Budacu, Kamel Earar

ABSTRACT

              Orthodontics is a scientific art   aiming to achieve the individual aesthetic optimum and functional development and dento-maxilo-facial, with the help of   an assembly of biological and mechanical means (Chateau, 1975). Symmetry is indisputably of numerical order and it is essential in relation to a central axis in the transverse direction, but in our opinion we are more interested in the fact that there is also an aesthetic function, whose importance is crucial, where the lack of symmetry has the most unpleasant consequences. In this regard, the orthodontist has an important role to play. For the beauty of the symmetry of a form, if the form is in motion, we will plead for symmetry. Material and method: Our study included 36 patients aged between 11 and 25 with dento-maxillary abnormalities without previous orthodontic treatments who presented themselves in the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic between 2016 and 2018.Results and discussion: Clinical asymmetry is difficult to appreciate, having a very wide variation, from hardly visible forms to the most severe forms, and when investigating asymmetries, all degrees of changes must be investigated. Conclusions: Asymmetry is the result of the discrepancy between the malposition of bone structures or teeth, along with the implantation of soft tissue imbalances, the imbalance in this relationship leads to the instability of neuromuscular activity disorders.

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