ASSESSMENT OF LOCAL RISK FACTORS IN THE ETIOLOGY AND EVOLUTION OF PERIODONTAL DISEASES
Moisei Mihaela, Ionel Dan Cristian, Dimofte Alina Ramona,GG Condurache
The etiological concept in the context of periodontal disease is of major importance because both prophylaxis and therapy are based on the knowledge of the interrelation between the etiological factors and the pathogenesis of these diseases.The purpose of the study was to identify the local, irritating and functional predisposing factors involved in the etiology and evolution of periodontitis.Material and Method: The group included 520 patients, 21-60 years old from Galati County. Clinical and radiological examinations have identified local factors and their correlation with age and periodontal status. Periodontal evaluation included the parodontogram, oral hygiene and inflammation.Results: The obtained values are: calculus – 75% with an incidence of 43.6% between 20-30 years; dental caries – 55.76% with 41% incidence at 20-30 years; smokers – 36.53%, incidence 42% between 20-30 years, dental malpositions -34.61% incidence 55% at 20-30 years; Incorrect obturations -25.36%; improper prosthetic 15.88%, 37% incidence 30-40years; high insertion frenches – 21% with a 15% incidence at 30-40 years.Conclusions: most of the underlying factors are involved in one of the periodontal diseases.