ANATOMICAL VARIATIONS ON THE ORIGIN OF THE LINGUAL ARTERY AND THEIR CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE – REVIEW FROM THE LITERATURE

Valentin Daniel Sȋrbu, Alexandru Poll, Vanda Roxana Nimigean, Renata Cernătescu, Simona Andreea Moraru, Maria Justina Roxana Vîrlan, Victor Nimigean

ABSTRACT

Aim of the study: The purpose of the study is to document in the specialised literature the variation in origin of the lingual aretery (LA). Material and methods: we analysed 85 summaries of scientific papers, 43 in extenso articles, using ISI Thomson Web of Knowledge, and PubMed databases. Additionally, a search in 8 anatomy books was performed. Results: the most common variation of origin of the lingual artery (LA) was in the form of a common trunk with facial artery (FA), the linguofacial trunk, in an average percentage of 16.39% of the cases. The results were observed mostly unilateral, less of them being bilateral. Conclusions: the results depict a wide variety of origins of LA, offer a better perspective for maxillofacial surgeons and can contribute to the clinical success of surgical procedures performed in the cervical region

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